Lucknow, July 19: The People of India for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) have written to the Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairy, Purshottam Rupala, demanding an urgent amendment on Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (breeding and marketing of dogs) Rules, 2017.
PETA India is seeking changes to ban the keeping and breeding of foreign dogs bred for fighting and aggression, such as pit bulls, dogs bred for illegal racing competitions, and brachycephalic dog breeds.
This follows the recent incident in which an elderly woman from Lucknow was mauled to death by her Pitbull.
Similar incidents are happening around the world and prompting countries and states to ban “intimidating” breeds, brachycephalic dogs, such as pugs, suffer from breathing difficulties that often require corrective surgery.
PETA India is calling for legal amendments to protect these breeds from such cruel exploitation.
Dr Manilal Valliyate, veterinarian and CEO of PETA India, said in a statement that “dogs suffer from cruel human exploits such as criminal dog fighting and illegal racing and because many people treat them like toys rather only as living, sentient beings. A ban on all breeds used for illegal fighting and racing and those with breathing difficulties would prevent these dogs from being born solely to face cruelty and suffering.”
In India, inciting dogs to fight is illegal under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (PCA) of 1960.
Yet organized dogfights are prevalent in Punjab, Haryana, and other parts of northern India, making pit bull-type dogs used in such dogfights the most abused breed of dog.
Pitbull-type dogs are typically bred to be used in illegal fighting or kept on heavy chains as attack dogs, resulting in a lifetime of suffering.
Many undergo painful physical mutilation such as ear cropping – an illegal process of removing part of a dog’s ears to prevent another dog in a fight from grabbing their ears, thus losing the fight. In a fight, dogs are encouraged to continue until both dogs are exhausted and at least one is seriously injured or dies.
The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) – the statutory body established under Section 4 of the PCA Act 1960 – declares greyhound racing commonly held in Punjab to be illegal.
Dogs used for racing are usually confined to small, sterile kennels, deprived of adequate veterinary care, and suffer painful and often fatal injuries, such as broken backs and limbs. Uncompetitive dogs and those that slow down with age are often given up by the age of three. Commercial dog racing does not take place or is banned in most countries.
Meanwhile, foreign brachycephalic dogs such as pugs, popularized in India by popular Vodafone advertisements, are known to suffer from severe respiratory problems such as brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome (BOAS) and eye and skin disorders.
Pugs and other brachycephalic dogs such as Pekingese, Shih Tzu and Lhasa Apso are also prone to proptosis due to their shallow eye sockets – a condition in which the eye protrudes from its socket and requires surgical intervention. emergency.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, also a brachycephalic breed, suffer from syringomyelia, a condition in which a dog’s skull is too small for their brain because they are bred for an abnormally small head.